Oenochoe

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A trefoil-mouth vase with an ovoid body and flat shoulders. It has a stylized arch-form handle and a flat, circular base. The surface is decorated with geometric motifs and schematized animals. The piece is painted in red and black over a cream-coloured ground. From the particular polychrome colouring we can conclude that this is a production from the Daunian culture.

An oenochoe is a type of Greek base widely used in antiquity. As its name indicates, oinos (wine) and choes (jug), this recipient was used to serve wine and for this reason it always had an ample body, a wide rim and a vertical handle so that it could be more easily lifted.

This vase is from the region of Apulia, in the south of Italy, where the ancient Daunia was situated, coincident with the modern province of Foggia and Messapia in the south of the region. From 320 BC Athens no longer exported pottery and only produced some vases that were given as prizes to the athletes of the Panathenaic Games. The pottery produced by the Greek colonies in the Italian peninsula took the place of the Athenian ware in the Mediterranean market area.

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