Fragment of a painted mural

Phrygia was an ancient region in Asia Minor which occupied a large part of the Anatolian peninsula, in what is modern-day Turkey. It was circled by the upper reaches of the Sakarya River and lay between the modern-day provinces of Afyon, Eskişehir y Ankara. As invaders of Thrace, the Phrygians played a decisive role in the destruction of the Hittite kingdom and the fall of Troy. The Phrygian kingdom in the 8th and 7th century BC sustained close connections with the Aryans to the east and the Greeks to the west. Their history is briefly mentioned by Herodotus, where he tells the story of the suicide of the King Midas when the city of Gordium fell to the Cimmerians in in 676 BC. With the establishment of the Celts in the eastern area of Phrygia, the cult of Cybele, the mother goddess, spread among the inhabitants of the city.

Most of the cultural material from the zone of Phrygia consists of architectonic terracotta elements from different buildings, for the most part, tiles and upper mouldings. These combine geometric motifs with hunting scenes, animals, persons, stars and mythological creatures such as griffins. These elements are an important source of information about ancient architecture and its decoration in Anatolia. The archaeological sites at Gordium, Pazarlar, Duver, Akalin, Sardis and Larisa have supplied the largest number of known terracotta elements.

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